Barri Jueu

Jewish Neighborhood

Jewish Neigborhood Map. Click to enlarge.

The Jewish Neighborhood is located to the south of the Mercadal Square, we can arrive there through the Miracle St. and Barrinou St. (NewNeighborhood St.), that form part of the neigborhood, in the Jewish Neighborhood can find the Comarcal Museum, with magnificent pieces of Arabic and Count art.

 

The Jews lived, from their arrival to Balaguer, mixed with the Christians, within the ancient walls of the city until the First of May of 1.333, date in which the king-count Alfons the Benign, from instances of the "paers" (City Council), ordered the Jews to live together and apart in a neighborhood on the outsides.

The Jews from Balaguer established themselves outside of the Walls, where there were nothing but fields and orchards and began to build their houses and to repopulate the zone of the current Miracle ( Miracle), Teixidors (Weavers'), Sant Josep (St. Joseph) and Barrinou (New Neighborhood) streets, leaving a distance between their neighborhood and the entry doors  to Balaguer (the zone of the current Mercadal Square). On account of this new location took place the amplification of the Walls, which were joined with those decreasing from St. Mary's Church contouring the hill by this sector.

The Jews had their own organization, their courts and their judges, their synagogue, where were establishing their own school and their City Council to care the interior order about the Jewry. The Jewish Balaguer colony became very important.

Within this ancient Jewish neighborhood or  Jewry  we find:

In this street of the ancient Jewry, that it is one of entrances, was found the synagogue and the hospital. Currently in there we find:

The Tarragona's House, ancient house of the XVIIIth century. It was a hospital and afterwards a school. It has a very interesting facade.

Church of the Miracle, ancient Jewish synagogue that was transformed into Christian church into the XVth century. There is venerated the image of the Virgin of the Miracle (protector from Balaguer).

St José's Church or of the Escolapios Friars (1,775) is of three naves, of Renaissance style in the interior and baroque abroad.

Ancient School of the Escolapios Friars (currently reformed) where have been located different spaces of cultural and social character.

Street opened opposite of the church of the Miracle, very close and the most characteristic of the Jewish Neighborhood.

Short and close street with a recently opened square opposite of the Museum. Currently there is:

The Comarcal Museum of the Noguera, located where was the ancient convent of the Saint Teresa's Carmelites (XVIIth century). Next to the Museum you can see the ruins of the old St. Joseph's church (XVIIth century).

Ancient street of the Jewish neighborhood where was the Lérida's Gate, the house of the "Paeria" (town hall), the church of San Juan and the Hospital (approximately where now is Manuel Marin's square).

Next of Miracle street we find Angel Guimera's street, built at the beginning of century, with modernist style samples (Montiu's Chalet). In this street there are many public services as Angel Guimera's School (beginning of century), the CAP II ( Primary Assistance Center), and the Comarcal Council of la Noguera Hall, built in the ancient convent of San Francesc (St. Francis), from which was conserved part of the ancient cloister.

Don't leave without visiting the COMARCAL MUSEUM OF LA NOGUERA. With an important archeological fund of Arabic and Mudejar plaster-works, Arabic and count ceramics, sculptures and paintings on table. Devoted monographicaly to the Islamic and Count world of the city of Balaguer and its paper within Catalonia.

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Church of "Sta. Maria" (St. Mary). Art at St. Mary's. Walls and Gates.
Ancient Neighborhood. "Mercadal" (Market) Square. Jewish Neighborhood.
"Castell Formós" ( Beautiful Castle). Sanctuary of the "Sant Crist" (Holy Christ).
Convent of  "Sant Domčnec" (St. Dominic). "Davant Balaguer" ( Modern Neighborhood).

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